disablement

Temporary Disablement benefit is paid in cash till the incapacity due to employment injury lasts at the rate of 70% of the wages. In case of permanent physical disablement due to employment injury or occupational disease, disablement benefit is paid for life at a rate proportionate to loss of earning capacity as determined by the medical board

Temporary Disablement Benifits:

TDB is payable to an employee who suffers employment injury (EI) or Occupational Disease and is certified to be temporarily incapable to work. "Employment Injury" has been defined under Section 2(8) of the Act, as a personal injury to an employee caused by accident or occupational disease arising out of and in the course of his employment, being in insurable employment, whether the accident occurs or the occupational disease is contracted within or outside the territorial limits of India.

Temporary Disablement Benifits:

Accident Report in form 16, Form 8,9,10, 11 and ESIC Med.13.

Eligibility For TDB :

The benefit is not subject to any contributory conditions. An IP is eligible from the day he joins the insurable employment.

TDB Rate is 40% over and above the normal sickness benefit rate. This works out to nearly 85% of the average daily wages.

Duration Of TDB:

There is no prescribed limit for the duration of TDB. This is payable as long as temporary disablement lasts and significant improvement by treatment is possible. If a Temporary Disablement spell lasts for less than 3 days (excluding day of accident), IP will be paid sickness benefit, if otherwise eligible. A special point for IMOs/IMPs is that some IPs may resist taking a Final Certificate especially before 3 days for fear of loss of TDB..

Permanent Disablement Benefits

There is indeed no way of adequately compensating a permanently disabled employee and yet some method of determining whether an employment injury has resulted in permanent disablement and of assessing the extent of permanent damage caused by that employment injury has to be adopted for the purpose of determining the scale of compensation for the loss of earnings. This is done by evaluating loss of earning capacity with reference to general disability for all work. The evaluation is done by a Medical Board whose decision can be appealed against to a Medical Appeal Tribunal presided over by a judicial officer, with a further right of appeal to Employees' Insurance Court or directly to Employees' Insurance Court. Pending an appeal, payment for permanent loss of earning capacity as recommended by the Medical Board is made, subject to adjustment later. Loss of wages and expenditure on conveyance occasioned by attendance before the Medical Board are compensated by the Corporation in accordance with rates framed for the purpose.

Where the assessment of loss of earning capacity by the Medical Board is not of a final character, the beneficiary is required to appear again before the Medical Board for a review of the assessment.